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Quiz: Preserving Historic Buildings

This quiz takes a look at techniques of historic preservation from diagnosis to cure.

Question 1 / 15

In historic preservation it is important to know the age of the building needing repairs, the types of materials used, and how those materials were originally worked, so that the restoration

Question 2 / 15

Another common way of dating wood frame buildings is to look at tree-rings. This is especially useful in timber construction, where the whole of the tree is used. When dating trees, each year

Question 3 / 15

Historically, wood structures have a relatively short life-expectancy. Untreated wood, used in most pre-20th Century construction, is prone to deterioration by termites and other insects, yea

Question 4 / 15

In addition to wood, brick has been a common material in building construction for centuries. Brick patterns and colors have changed over time and are useful in dating buildings. The preserva

Question 5 / 15

Another common problem in brick and stone construction caused by water infiltration through mortar is the collection of salts on the surface of bricks and stone. Both brick and stone are poro

Question 6 / 15

In historic stone buildings, in particular, there is a type of problem that occurs when metals are inserted into the stone. This problem often arises when metal gates are used to close stone

Question 7 / 15

Cleaning historic buildings must be done with care. Often times harsh methods are used to clean dirt, rust, and salt deposits from the facades of brick and stone buildings. These methods can

Question 8 / 15

Clay products are very commonly seen in historic buildings from brick to porcelain and terra cotta. Bricks are normally used in wall construction, terra cotta is most often seen in roof cover

Question 9 / 15

The environment plays a large part in the weathering and deterioration of buildings. Wind, water, temperature changes, and settling earth can all cause problems with both modern and historic

Question 10 / 15

In more modern times, metals have been used in buildings from reinforcing rods (rebar) to railings, flashings, and roof fasteners. Common metals used in historic construction are cast iron, w

Question 11 / 15

In historic buildings, a very popular roofing material is slate. Slate is a metamorphic rock that is fine-grained and can be split into thin, smooth layers. Slates come in a variety of differ

Question 12 / 15

Often in historic buildings, cracks occur in walls and foundations. There are four different types of cracks that can occur in buildings. Three types of cracks are easily fixed and one can br

Question 13 / 15

A foundation is the base on which a building stands. It transfers the loads of a building into the earth, and helps to keep water out of buildings. In modern buildings, foundations are most o

Question 14 / 15

From the 1860s to the 1970s the most common and most effective fireproofing material was asbestos. It came in several forms including felts, shingles, and vinyl-asbestos tiles. It is now know

Question 15 / 15

A very common hazardous material found in historic buildings is lead. Lead was a standard construction material from antiquity until around the 1970s and it appears in many forms from pipes t

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